1788: Arthur Phillip on the First Fleet collects grape vine cuttings from the Cape of Good Hope to take to the new colony of New South Wales. The vines were planted in his garden at Sydney Cove but failed from an unknown blight, possibly anthracnose. 859 settlers arrived on the First Fleet.

1788: Grape cuttings from Sydney Cove also planted under the supervision of the colony's most experienced farmer and gardener Henry Dodd at Rose Hill near Parramatta (McIntryre, 2012). The planting was away from the humidity of the waterfront at Sydney Cove

1791: Philip Schaeffer – a retired German soldier with some vineyard experience from Europe and one of the first free settlers in NSW – maintained 8000 vines at Parramatta. The vines also suffered from blight and eventually failed. Henry Dodd dies.

1784: John Macarthur has an established 3-acre vineyard and orchard at his house at Camden. There is no record of wine making or of the success or otherwise of the vines. Possibly these are just table grapes.

1795: Schaeffer is reported by Governor Paterson to have produced "ninety gallons of wine in about two years" (McIntryre, 2012)September 9th

1797: Lieutenant John Shortland enters the Hunter River, names it after Governor Hunter.